Transportation and Communication
Chengdu is the largest aviation hub of inland China, with 222 routes serving 167 destinations including 71 international routes. Of which, 33 are direct and 11 are lay-over international or regional routes flying to Amsterdam, London, Melbourne, Bangkok, Singapore, Seoul, Tokyo, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Macau and other locations. There are also 27 international and regional cargo routes to places like Amsterdam, Luxembourg and Frankfurt. In September 2013, Chengdu became the fourth in the country, after Beijing, Shanghai, and Guangzhou, and the first in the southwest to implement a 72-hour visa-free transit policy for passengers from 45 countries including the United States, Great Britain and France.
Wuhou District is a close neighbor of Chengdu Shuangliu International Airport, which is only 10 minutes away on the airport expressway. Shuangliu International Airport adopts double-track operation and has more than 200 domestic routes and 31 international routes to realize annual cargo and mail throughput of over 370,000 tons. Two terminal buildings, totaling 138,000 m2, handle 12 million passengers annually. As of midnight of February 21, 2011, the Shuangliu International Airport Freight Depot, the largest freight depot in central and western China in terms of scale and throughput with an annual capacity up to 700,000 tons, was officially put into operation.
As the number five major railway terminal in China, Chengdu is an important western China railway transport hub encompassing central and southern China, linking the southwest and northwest, and covering Central Asia and South Asia. It can handle an annual container throughput of about 300,000 TEU. Currently, there are five vehicle freight trains, four container freight trains with “five fixes” (fixed loading location, fixed route, fixed numbering, fixes schedule, fixed pricing) and four pairs of railway luggage and parcel express special trains. These are the highest numbers in the west they deliver to major domestic ports like Shanghai, Shenzhen, Tianjin, Qingdao and Lianyungang.
During the “12th Five Year Plan” period, with the completion of seven railway lines in Chengdu totaling 3076 km, including the Chengdu-Xining Railway, Chengdu-Lanzhou Railway and Chengdu-Guiyang Railway, a railway network featuring “two loops and ten outbound lines” will be formed. This realizes the possibility for a 30 min high-speed rail traffic circle from Chengdu to surrounding cities such as Mianyang, Leshan, a four hour traffic circle from Chengdu to neighboring provincial capitals like Guiyang, Lanzhou, Kunming, Xi'an and Wuhan, and an eight hour traffic circle from Chengdu to Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Region, the Pearl River Delta, and Yangtze River Delta.
Chengdu has been officially recognized as the largest highway interchange in southwest China, and the city is the keystone in the entire Sichuan highway network. There are eight national main trunk lines and national trunk lines passing through or starting from Chengdu, including two national main trunk lines of Erenhot-Hekou Highway and the Shanghai-Chengdu Highway, and six national trunk lines of Highway #108 linking Beijing to Kunming, Highway #213 linking Lanzhou to Mohan, Highway #317 linking Chengdu to Naqu, Highway #318 linking Shanghai to Zhangmu, Highway #319 linking Xiamen to Chengdu, and Highway #321 linking Guangzhou to Chengdu. As of 2013, Chengdu expressways total 776 km in mileage, which together forms a “three loops, twelve outbound highways” expressway network.
Wuhou District has convenient traffic extending in all directions, with close access to Chengdu-Kunming Railway, Chengdu-Chongqing Expressway, Chengdu-Ya’an Expressway and Chengdu-Leshan Expressway. In the southeast of Wuhou District lies South Railway Station. The 1st, 2nd and 3rd Ring Roads traverse the District from east to west, while major thoroughfares like Chuanzang Road, Jichang Road, Caojin Road and Wuhou Avenue extend from north to south. This configuration grants Wuhou District the smoothest traffic in Chengdu.
Chengdu is one of the important postal hubs in China. As one of seven major Class A postal communication processing centers, Chengdu Post serves as both the biggest mail transit office of southwest China and postal communication hub office of Sichuan province. It also directly undertakes mail sorting and transiting tasks in and out of Tibet. The cargo and mail throughput of Shuangliu International Airport ranks fifth in China.
Chengdu is the communication hub of southwest China. A long-distance fiber optic trunk cable transmission network that connects the whole country and different prefectures and prefecture-level cities within Sichuan province has been basically developed, and direct-dial telephone connections to more than 180 nations and regions in the world is available.
Chengdu is the internet, education and scientific research network centers of southwest China. At present, there are more than 30 outbound optical cables, and the trunk transmission system has a total bandwidth of above 8000Gbps, along with metropolitan area network outbound bandwidth of up to 450Gbps. Information sources number over 100,000 and IDC and IXC have been created to provide standard equipment spaces that can house 200,000 servers and deliver TB-level data throughput and 200Gbps international accessible capability.